Warrior triptychs

1849-1852, Part I


Title: Tametomo wa r˘d˘ amata meshitsure etc.

Description: Tametomo watches his henchman Oniyasha shouldering a stranded boat off a rock

Publisher: Yamaguchi-ya T˘bei

Date: Early 1849

Robinson: T214

Title: Yoshitsune k˘shin: shitenn˘ shusse kagami no uchi: Kamei Rokur˘ (義経功臣: 四天王出世鑑之内: 亀井六郎)

Description: Kamei Rokur˘ Shigekiyo (亀井六郎重清) making his debut as one of Yoshitsuneĺs retainers by fighting a black bear in the snow, watched by Gen Yoshitsune (源義經) and other retainers

Publisher: Nishimura-ya Yohachi

Date: Early 1849

Robinson: T215


No image available


Title: Hy˘e-no-suke Yoritomo-dono Jish˘ yo-nen no aki etc.

Description: The gathering of Yoritomoĺs troops before the Battle of Ishibashiyama on September 14, 1180

Publisher: J˘shű-ya Kinz˘

Date: Early 1849

Robinson: T216

Title: Battle at Ujigawa (Ujigawa kassen no zu, 宇治川合戦之図)

Description: The rival generals swimming the Uji River to attack Yoshinaka: Takatsuna (center), Kagesue (left) and Shigetada (further off to the right) at sunset

Publisher: Enshű-ya Hikobei

Date: Early 1849

Robinson: T217

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this alternate state of the above design.

Title: Kamakura Sh˘gun Yori-ie-ky˘ Kotsubo-no-hama ni ry˘sen to etc.

Description: Asahina Sabur˘ Yoshihide (朝比奈三郎義秀) struggling with two crocodiles at Kotsubo Beach, watched by the Sh˘gun Yori-ie from a rock, with Mt. Fuji in the background

Publisher: Shimizu-ya Tsunejir˘ (called Kiyomizu-ya Tsunejir˘ by Robinson)

Date: Early 1849

Robinson: T218

Title: Sh˘gun Tar˘ Yoshikado mikata no sei wo atsumuru zu

Description: The gathering of Yoshikado, his sister Takiyasha, the old retainer Iga Jutar˘ and their gang in the old temple

Publisher: Sawamura-ya Rihei

Date: Late 1849-1850

Robinson: T219


NOTE: Although published in 1849-1850, Kuniyoshi drew this design about 1835, and it is similar to triptych T111.á I am grateful to Ward Pieters for locating this image.

Title: Banshű Sodegawa-jiri Fujito hama Sasaki Moritsuna etc.

Description: Sasaki Moritsuna and his troops fording the Inland Sea at sunrise to attack the Taira at Kojima Castle in Bizen on November 1, 1184

Publisher: Yamaguchi-ya T˘bei

Date: Late 1849-1850

Robinson: T220

Title: Yoshitsune kyű-ryű no zu

Description: Yoshitsune (bottom center) recovering his bow from the sea at the Battle of Yashima

Publisher: Hayashi-ya Sh˘gor˘

Date: Late 1849-1850

Robinson: T221


This triptych may be placed side-by-side with T256 to form a six-sheet composition:

Title: Picture of the Battle of Dan-no-ura (Dan-no-ura ˘-kassen no zu, 壇ノ浦大合戦之圖)

Description: Yoshitsuneĺs leap at the Battle of Dan-no-ura with Noritsune leaping after him

Publisher: Tsuta-ya Umejir˘

Date: Late 1849-1850

Robinson: T222



Publisher: inside star, read as ôWoö or ôOö

Date: c. 1849-1850

Robinson: T222a (not in Robbinson)


This triptych also exists with the seal of the publisher Izumi-ya Ichibei.á I am grateful to Ole AlbŠk Pedersen for locating this image.

Title: Higo no kuni Aso no k˘ri Aso no Sabur˘ Taira no Tadakuni etc.

Description: The betrothal of Tametomo (right) and Shiranui-hime (left) before her father Aso Tadakuni in the time of cherry blossomá

Publisher: Ise-ya Kanekichi

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T223

Title: Obaka shuku yo-uchi no zu (大墓宿夜討之圖, Night Attack on the Ohaka Inn)

Description: Ushiwaka Maru engaging Kumasaka Ch˘han and his gang at the inn with a flaming torch flying through the air

Publisher: Amatsu

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T224

A later printing of the above design with the cartouche in the right upper corner having a solid red background

Title: Untitled

Description: The fording of the Uji River: Hatakeyama Shigetada, Sasaki Shir˘ Takatsuna and Kajiwara Genda Kagesue

Publisher: Ebi-ya Rinnosuke

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T225


I am grateful to Ward Pieters for locating this image.

Title: Ichi-no-tani ˘-kassen no zu

Description: Confusion in the Taira camp at Ichi-no-tani caused by Yoshitsuneĺs descent of Hiyodori-goe (right): Naozane calling after Atsumori (left) and Munemori escorting the women to safety (center)á

Publisher: Yamamoto-ya Heikichi

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T226


NOTE: A later edition has a solid red cartouche (without design) in the right upper corner and several other color changes. I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Title: Untitled

Description: In a mountainous landscape, Matano Gor˘ Kagehisa, half-naked on a rock is angrily gesturing to Sanada Yoichi Yoshitada who is mounted and in hunting costume (left); Yoshitsune and his followers are seated (right)

Publisher: Fujioka-ya Keijir˘

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T227

Title: Untitled

Description: The Battle of Ichi-no-tani: Naozane (left) calling to Atsumori (center); on shore, Hirayama Sueshige fighting (right), and behind him Tadanori slain by Okabe Rokuyata Tadazumi with the Taira fleet off shore

Publisher: Tsujioka-ya Bunsuke

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T228

Title: Yashima ˘-kassen (八島大合戦, The Battle of Yashima)

Description: The Battle of Yashima; fight on the shore, with the Taira fleet in the offing.á Naozane and Atsumori (center) locked in struggle fall from their horses with Tajima no Kami Tsunemasa mounted and Matsudaira Norimori wrestling with Minamoto no Yoshiyasu (right)

Publisher: This triptych exists with the seals of Ebi-ya Rinnosuke and also with the seals of Maru-ya Jinpachi

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T229


NOTE: Naozane and Atsumori actually fought during the Battle of Ichi-no-tani, not the Battle of Yashima.á I am grateful to Ward Pieters for locating this image.

Another state of the above design with the seal of the publisher Maru-ya Jinpachi ( [jin] within a circle) and a yellow title cartouche in the right upper corner.

Title: Yashima ˘-kassen (The Battle of Yashima)

Description: The Battle of Yashima: Yoshitsuneĺs leap, with Noritsune shaking his fist (left) and a general melee (right) in which Benkei and Kiku˘ Maru are prominent

Publisher: Identified as Ise-Gen in Robinson, but as Ise-ya Bunshichi in Publishers of Japanese Woodblock Prints: A Compendium by Andreas Marks (2011, Hotei Publishing, Leiden)

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T230

Title: Kawanakajima kassen: Kenshin no shaki

Description: Uesugi Kenshin charging at the head of a wedge formation of his troops at the Battle of Kawanakajima

Publisher: Tsujioka-ya Bunsuke

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T231

Title: Miyamoto Musashi michi ni ijin ni yotte... (宮本無三四道に異人...)

Description: Miyamoto Musashi being shown a magic glass by an eccentric stranger at a post-station on the road

Publisher: Fujioka-ya Keijir˘

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T232



No image available



Title: Hakkenden chűyű soroi

Description: Group of Fuse-hime and the eight Dog Heroes of Bakinĺs novel ôHakkendenö

Publisher: Sa-Yo

Date: 1849-1852

Robinson: T233

ôRobinsonö refers to listing in Kuniyoshi: The Warrior-Prints by Basil William Robinson (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 1982) and its privately published supplement.