Warrior triptychs

1842-1843, Part II

 

 

Title: Iga K˘zuke ada-uchi (The Igagoe revenge)

Description: Shizuma engaging Matagor˘ (right and center) while Masaemon fights against odds (left)

Publisher: Ezaki-ya Tatsuz˘

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T106

Kuniyoshi - (T107) General Sammi Yorimasa standing with his bow, his wife Ayame-no-maye seated and his squire Ii no Hayata Tadazumi

Title: Nij˘-in no toki... (二条院の時...)

Description: Gen Sammi Yorimasa standing with his bow (right), his wife Ayame-no-mae seated (center) and his squire Ii no Hayata Tadazumi (left) also seated

Publisher: Iba-ya Sensabur˘

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T107

Kuniyoshi - (T108) Bust portraits of Ushiwakamaru & Kisanta with Joruri-Hime on the right

Title: Minamoto no Ushiwaka Maru Yahagi no ch˘ja ga moto tachiyori tamau zu (源牛若丸矢矧長者が許立寄給圖)

Description: Ushiwaka Maru (牛若丸) and Kisanda (鬼三太) being summoned by one of J˘ruri-himeĺs maids with J˘ruri-hime playing the koto in the house behind

Publisher: Iba-ya Kyűbei

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T108

Kuniyoshi - (T108) Bust portraits of Ushiwakamaru & Kisanta with Joruri-Hime on the right (late)

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this alternate state of the above design.

Kuniyoshi - (T109) Gempei seisuiki, Sanshű Yashima kassen (History of the Ups and Downs of the Minamoto and Taira, The Battle of Yashima in Sanuki Province)

Title: Gempei seisuiki: Sanshű Yashima kassen (History of the Ups and Downs of the Minamoto and Taira: The Battle of Yashima in Sanuki Province, 源平盛衰記á 讃州八嶋合戦)

Description: The Battle of Yashima in Sanuki Province on March 23, 1184: Akushichiby˘e Kagekiyo chasing Kunitoshi along the shore while Tsuginobu, shielding Yoshitsune, is shot by Noritsune from his boat

Publisher: J˘shű-ya Kinz˘ (Robinson gives publisher as J˘shű-ya Jűz˘)

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T109

Kuniyoshi - (T110) priest Saimyoji during his inkognito tavels in provinces

Title: Saimy˘ji Tokiyori Nyűd˘ shokoku shugy˘ no... (Lord Chűnagon Suketoshi, son of Lord Dainagon Suketomoů, 最明寺時頼入道諸国修行の折から常世が茅屋に宿りて夫婦の忠義貞操を憐む図)

Description: Tokiyori, the H˘j˘ regent, in monkĺs habit, at the house of Tsuneyo in the snow; the latterĺs daughter Shiratae cuts a valuable bonsai (dwarf tree) to make a fire

Publisher: Fujioka-ya Keijir˘ (listed as ôSakuraiö in Robinson)

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T110

Kuniyoshi - (T111) TAIRA NO MASAKADO ISSHI, Iga Jutar˘ (left), Yoshikado (center), and his sister Takiyasha (right) with their gang in the old temple where they lived

Title: Taira no Masakado isshi Sh˘gun Tar˘ Yoshikado etc.

Description: Iga Jutar˘ (left), Yoshikado (center), and his sister Takiyasha (right) with their gang in the old temple where they lived

Publisher: Minato-ya Kohei

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T111

 

NOTE: This triptych is similar to T219.

Kuniyoshi - (T111a) Yoshie Mikawa Zenji ga musume ni

Title: Yoshi-ie Mikawa Zenji ga musume ni etc.

Description: Hachiman-tar˘ Yoshi-ie (八幡太郎義家) cuts off the corner of a go board with his sword, while Nareginu, daughter of Mikawa Zenji, holds up a lantern, and Abe no Munet˘ (安部の宗任) stands glowering outside

Publisher: Fujioka-ya Hikotar˘

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T111a

Kuniyoshi - (T112) Yorimasa shooting down the Nuye from above the palace of Emperor Konoe

Title: Konoe-no-in no gyo-u Nimpy˘ san-nen etc.

Description: Yorimasa shooting down the nue from above the palace of the Emperor Konoe in 1153

Publisher: S˘shű-ya Yohei

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T112

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Kuniyoshi%20-%20(T113)%20of%20the%20leading%20ship%20of%20the%20fleet%20of%20Mochimitsu,%20struck%20by%20a%20single%20arrow%20from%20the%20bow%20of%20legendary%20strong-man%20Tametomo,%20whom%20Mochimitsu%20had%20been%20sent%20to%20subdue%20in%201170,%201

Title: Chinzei Hachir˘ Tametomo Izu no ďshima ni te utte no hy˘sen o iru no zu (At Izu no ďshima, Chinzei Hachir˘ Tametomo Shoots an Enemy Warship with an Arrow, 鎮西八郎為朝伊豆の大島にて討手の兵船を射るの図)

Description: Tametomo (left) sinking the foremost ship of Mochimitsuĺs fleet with a single arrow; his mistress Sasarae and his henchman Oniyasha, armed with a naginata and an iron club respectively with the rough islanders look on in admiration

Publisher: Tsujioka-ya Yasubei

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T113

 

NOTE: Another edition with a different publisherĺs seal and different text is listed as T140 in Robinson.á It is not clear which is the earlier printing.

Kuniyoshi%20-%20(T114)%20The%20War%20Council%20of%20Yoritomo,Yoritomo%20against%20Taira-%20The%20Rivalry%20of%20Sasaki%20&%20Kajiwara,%20c

Title: Minamoto no Yoritomo- shosh˘ wo atsume (Yoritomo Presiding at a War-council of All His Chief Followers in His Battle against the Taira with the Rivalry of Sasaki and Kajiwara, 源頼朝諸将を集め平家征伐の先陣を佐々木梶原にのぞむ図) 

Description:

Publisher: Kazusa-ya Iwaz˘

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T114

Kuniyoshi - (T115) Yoritomo at the Presentation of a Naginata, c

Title: Minamoto no Yoritomo Sumidagawa hata-age chakut˘ seizoroe no zu

Description: Presentation of a naginata to Hatakeyarna Shigetada by H˘j˘ Tokimasa before Yoritomo (all in center panel) on the banks of the Sumida River in 1180, with many warriors in attendance

Publisher: Tsuta-ya Kichiz˘

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T115

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Kuniyoshi - (T115) Yoritomo at the Presentation of a Naginata, c

Another state of the above design

Kuniyoshi - (T116)  Kiso Yoshinaka, 1843-46

Title: Kiso Kwanja Yoshinaka Heike wo horobasan to ichizoku etc.

Description: Yoshinakaĺs farewell parade on going to war with the Taira in 1180 with Tomoe-gozen riding off (left)

Publisher: Kagi-ya Hanjir˘

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T116

 

NOTE: This triptych was modified in 1849-1852 to become T244.á The head of Tomoe-gozen was recut as Wakiya Yoshisuke, while Yoshinaka became Yoshisada and Yamabuki-gozen became K˘t˘-no-naishi.

Kuniyoshi - (T117) The Koshigoe Letter (Koshigoe-jo)Yoshitsune At  village of Koshigoe ordered Benkei to write a letter, 1845, pub

Title: Minamoto no Yoshitsune Heike wo horoboshite nochi etc.

Description: After a slanderer put doubts of his loyalty into the mind of Lord Yoritomo, Yoshitsune reading his plea to his brother Yoritomo after his victory over the Taira on July 3, 1185 (the text of the ĹKoshigoe Letterĺ occupies the upper part of the print)

Publisher: To-Sawa

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T117

Kuniyoshi - (T118), Yoritomo releasing 1,000 cranes (a pious Buddhist practice) on the shore at Tsuru-ga-oka

Title: Udaish˘ Yoritomo- Tsuru-ga-oka Hachiman- e h˘raku no tame etc.

Description: Yoritomo releasing 1,000 cranes (a pious Buddhist practice) on the shore at Tsuru-ga-oka

Publisher: Sano-Ichi

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T118

Kuniyoshi - (T118), Yoritomo releasing 1,000 cranes (a pious Buddhist practice) on the shore at Tsuru-ga-oka (green)

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this alternate state of the above design.

Kuniyoshi - (T119) Asahina Yoshihide fighting 2 crocodiles in the sea off Kamakura watched by Shogun Yoriie & his men

Title: Minamoto no Yoriie-k˘ Kamakura Kotsubo no umi yűran Asahina Yoshihide shiyű no wani wo t˘fu zu (源頼家公鎌倉小壷海遊覧 朝夷義秀雌雄鰐を捕ふ図)

Description: Asahina Yoshihideĺs fight with two crocodiles in the sea off Kamakura, watched by the Sh˘gun Yori-ie and his nobles in boats

Publisher: S˘shű-ya Yohei

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T119

Kuniyoshi - (T119) Asahina Yoshihide fighting 2 crocodiles in the sea off Kamakura watched by Shogun Yoriie & his men

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this alternate state of the above design.

Kuniyoshi - (T120) Kumawaka Maru, Son of Minister Dainagon Suketomo in the snow

Title: Dainagon Suketomo-k˘ no soku Chűnagon Suketoshi-k˘ etc.

Description: Kumawaka Maru (熊若丸), son of Dainagon Suketomo, and the wife of Shinozuka Iga no Kami outside a house in the snow

Publisher: Fujioka-ya Keijir˘

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T120

Kuniyoshi - (T121) Encounter of the troops of Kusunoki Masashige & the Ashikaga in Hyogo (Battle of Hyogo-omote)

Title: Hy˘go no omote ˘-kassen no zu

Description: Encounter of the troops of Kusunoki Masashige and the Ashikaga in mid-stream in 1336

Publisher: J˘shű-ya Jűz˘

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T121

 

I am grateful to Ward Pieters for locating this image.

Kuniyoshi - (T122) Genke shoto sofu koden, An illustrated family tree of the main line of the Minamoto clan from Sadazumi Shinno (874-916), 6th son of the Emperor Seiwa to Yoshitsune

Title: Family Tree of Minamoto Family (Genke shot˘ sofu koden, 源家正統祖譜小伝)

Description: An illustrated family tree of the main line of the Minamoto Clan from Sadazumi Shinn˘ (874-916), son of Emperor Seiwa, to Yoshitsune as follows:

áá

RIGHT-HAND SHEET

(above): Asahi Sh˘gun Yoshinaka and Chinjufu Sh˘gun Minamoto no Yoriyoshi

(middle): Mutsu no Kami Minamoto no Yorimitsu and Reizei-in Hangwandai Yorinobu

(below): Sama Gon-no-kami Tada Mitsunaka and Rokusonn˘ Tsunemoto

 

MIDDLE SHEET

(above): Hachiman-tar˘ Yoshi-ie (八幡太郎義家), Sadazumi Shinn˘ and Rokuj˘ Hangwan Tameyoshi

(middle): Shinra Sabur˘ Yoshimitsu

(below): Chinzei Hachir˘ Tametomo and Sama-no-kami Yoshitomo

 

LEFT-HAND SHEET

(above): Udaish˘ Yoritomo and Kaba-no-Kwanja Noriyori

(middle): Tayű no Hangwan Yoshitsune

(below): Tatewaki Sensei Yoshikata and Akugenda Yoshihira

Publisher: Izumi-ya Ichibei

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T122

Kuniyoshi - (T123) History of the Ups & Downs of the Minamoto & Taira, Yoritomo's Attack on the Yamaki Palace

Title: Gempei seisuiki: Izu no kuni Yamaki kassen (History of the Ups and Downs of the Minamoto and Taira: The attack on the Yamaki Palace)

Description: Yoritomoĺs attack on Yamaki Palace at night took Kanetaka and his retainers by surprise in 1180

Publisher: J˘shű-ya Kinz˘

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T123

Kuniyoshi - (T124) Yoshitsune leading a sortie from the castle of Takadachi over the moat bridge in 1189; Benkei knocking over foe (center)

Title: ďshű Takadachi kassen Yoshitsune (奥州高館合戦 義経主従 勇戦働之事)

Description: Yoshitsune leading a sortie from the castle of Takadachi over the moat bridge in 1189; Benkei knocking over foe (center)

Publisher: Some copies bear the seal of Ki-ya S˘jir˘ and others Kagi-ya Hanshir˘

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T124

Kuniyoshi - (T124) Yoshitsune leading a sortie from the castle of Takadachi over the moat bridge in 1189; Benkei knocking over foe (center) (solid sky)

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this alternate state of the above design.

Kuniyoshi - (T125) The Soga brothers with Tegoshi no Sh˘sh˘ in the rain outside the tent of Kud˘ Suketsune

Title: Untitled

Description: The Soga brothers with Tegoshi no Sh˘sh˘ in the rain outside the tent of Kud˘ Suketsune

Publisher: Ueyasu (called J˘-Yasu in Kuniyoshi: The Warrior-Prints by Basil William Robinson)

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T125

Kuniyoshi - (T126) Benkei reading his scroll (kwanjinch˘) to Togashi Sayemon at the Ataka Barrier, he and his party dressed as monks

Title: Kaga no kuni Ataka no shin-seki nite Yoshilsune shűjű (安宅関にて弁慶勧進帳を読上げる図)

Description: Benkei reading his scroll (kwanjinch˘) to Togashi Saemon at the Ataka Barrier, he and his party dressed as monks

Publisher: Eshima

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T126

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Kuniyoshi - (T127) woman dancing in snow 8745458

Title: Yoshinoyama nite Yoshitsune shűjű etc.

Description: The parting of Shizuka-gozen (woman in center sheet) from Yoshitsune (in red armor on the right) and his followers among the snows of Mount Yoshino.á Musashi-bo Benkei (武蔵坊弁慶) is in the foreground of left sheet.

Publisher: Kazusa-ya Iwaz˘

Date: c. 1842-1843

Robinson: T127

Kuniyoshi - (T127) woman dancing in snow (dark sky)

Another state of the above design

Kuniyoshi - (T128) In Minamoto's Residence the Earth Spider Appears as a Monster (Minamoto no Yorimitsu-k˘ no tachi ni tsuchi-gumo y˘kwai nasu no zu) (1st ed

Title: In Minamotoĺs Residence the Earth Spider Appears as a Monster (Minamoto no Yorimitsu-k˘ no yakata ni tsuchigumo y˘kai o nasu zu, 源頼光公館土蜘作妖怪圖)

Description: The Earth Spider (right) conjures up demons at the mansion of Minamoto no Raik˘ (Minamoto no Yorimitsu) (right), who lies sick in bed. Two of his bodyguards, Watanabe no Tsuna and Sakata no Kintoki, play go (centre), while Urabe no Suetake (right) and Usui no Tadamitsu (left) look towards the procession of spirits in the background

Publisher: Iba-ya Sensabur˘

Date: 8th month of 1843

Robinson: T128

 

NOTE: This is the first edition of the print that got Kuniyoshi into trouble with the authorities.á It bears no censorĺs seal and pokes fun at the government and the censors. The daimyo Mizuno Tadakuni (1794-1851) was the force behind the censorship known as the ôTenp˘ reformsö.á He was the roju (chief councilor) to the shogun, and is caricatured in this triptych as the Earth Spider casting his evil influence over the shogun, who is represented by the sleeping figure of Yorimitsu.

Kuniyoshi - (T128) In Minamoto's Residence the Earth Spider Appears as a Monster (Minamoto no Yorimitsu-k˘ no tachi ni tsuchi-gumo y˘kwai nasu no zu)

This is the second edition printed from newly carved woodblocks.á Kuniyoshiĺs signature and the publisherĺs seal appear only on the left-hand sheet.

Kuniyoshi - (T128) In Minamoto's Residence the Earth Spider Appears as a Monster (Minamoto no Yorimitsu-k˘ no tachi ni tsuchi-gumo y˘kwai nasu no zu) (3rd ed

This is the third edition, which is crudely carved.á There is no white divide between the realm of the demons and the green floor of Yorimitsuĺs mansion.

ôRobinsonö refers to listing in Kuniyoshi: The Warrior-Prints by Basil William Robinson (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 1982) and its privately published supplement.

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