Warrior triptychs

1839-1841, Part II

 

Kuniyoshi - (T 63) Imai Shiro in battle in a snowy landscape, 1840s, pub

Title: Awazu-ga-hara ˘-kassen: Yoshinaka Shitenn˘ Imai Shir˘ Kanehira etc.

Description: Prowess of Imai Kanehira at the battle of Awazu in March, 1184; he is shown fighting under the pine tree of Karasaki on the shore of Lake Biwa; Yoshitsune is seen on the left

Publisher: S˘shű-ya Yohei

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T63

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Kuniyoshi - (T 64) Washio Sabur˘ struggling with a black bear, watched by Yoshitsune & his retainers (Alt

Title: Washi-no-o no Sabur˘ Ichi-no-tani Hiyodori-goe no annaisha to naru zu (鷲ノ尾三郎一の谷鵯越の案内者となる図)

Description: Washio Sabur˘ struggling with a black bear, watched by Yoshitsune and his retainers on March 21, 1184

Publisher: Maru-ya Seijir˘

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T64

Kuniyoshi - (T 64) Washio Sabur˘ struggling with a black bear, watched by Yoshitsune & his retainers

Note Yoshitsuneĺs sleeve in the left panel of this alternate state of the above design.

Kuniyoshi - (T 65) Yoshitsune leading his men in descent of Hiyodori-goe defile at Battle of Ichi-no-tani (Yoshitsune no gunpei Ichi-no-tani saka-otoshi no zu)

Title: Yoshitsuneĺs Troop Attacking Group of the Heike from the Top of Ichinotani Hill (Yoshitsune no gumpei Ichi-no-tani saka-otoshi no zu, 義経之軍兵一ノ谷逆落之図)

Description: Yoshitsune leading his men in the descent of the Hiyodori-goe Gorge at the Battle of Ichi-no-tani on March 21, 1184

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Uhei

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T65

 

NOTE: I have seen several examples of the triptych, and they all have the three signature cartouches in different colors.á This example is courtesy of Marc DeVriese.

Title: Banshű Suma-ga-mori no sakura ni Yoshitsune k˘satsu wo tatsuru zu (Yoshitsune Has a Signboard Put up for the Cherry Tree at Suma Temple in Harima Province, 播州須磨寺ノ櫻ニ義経高札ヲ立ル図)

Description: Yoshitsune (center) and his followers under the cherry-trees of Suma receiving Kumagai Naozane (left) with the head of Atsumori in a box after the Battle of Ichi-no-tani on March 21, 1184

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichibei

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T66

Another state of the above design with a partly black sky

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Title: Minamoto no Yoshitsune Kajiwara sakaro s˘ron no zu (The Quarrel Between Yoshitsune and Kajiwara Kagetoki about Reversed Oars before the Battle of Yashima, 源義経梶原逆艪争論図)

Description: The quarrel between Yoshitsune and Kajiwara Kagetoki about Ĺreversed oarsĺ (sakaro) before the Battle of Yashima on March 23, 1184á

Publisher: Arita-ya Seiemon

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T67

Kuniyoshi%20-%20(T%2067)%20pub.%20Arita-ya%20Seiemon,%20005-1205%20to%20005-1207%20(blue)

Another state of the above design

Kuniyoshi%20-%20(T%2068)%20Yoshitsune's%20leap%20,%20pub

Title: Gempei Yashima ˘-kassen

Description: The great battle of Yashima on March 23,á 1184: Yoshitsuneĺs ôeight boat leapö (center), Noritsune (left), Benkei on a large boat and Munemori clinging to a piece of floating wood (right)

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Uhei

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T68

Kuniyoshi - (T 68) Yoshitsune's leap , pub

Note the mountains in the left panel of the alternate state.

Kuniyoshi - (T 69)

Title: Nagato no kuni Akama-ga-ura Gempei ˘-kassen

Description: The great Battle of Akama-ga-ura (usually known as the Battle of Dan-no-ura): Yoshitsune performing his Ĺeight boat leapĺ pursued by Noritsune and Moritsugu

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Ch˘z˘

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T69

 

NOTE: Yoshitsuneĺs superhuman ôeight boat leapö (hass˘-tobi) is usually associated with the Battle of Yashima, rather than the Battle of Dan-no-ura.á

Kuniyoshi - (T 70) The ghosts of the Taira Clan attacking Yoshitsune's ship in Daimotsu Bay in Settsu Province

Title: Sesshű Daimotsu-no-ura ni Heike no onry˘ arawaruru no zu (The Ghosts of the Heike Appear at Daimotsu Bay in Settsu Province, 摂州大物浦平家怨霊顕る図)

Description: The ghosts of the Taira attacking Yoshitsuneĺs ship in Daimotsu Bay in the province of Settsu on November 28, 1185

Publisher: Nuno-Kichi

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T70

Kuniyoshi - (T 70) The ghosts of the Taira Clan attacking Yoshitsune's ship in Daimotsu Bay in Settsu Province (red)

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this alternate state with a red title cartouche.

Kuniyoshi - (T 71) Udaish˘ Yoritomo-k˘ Susono maki-gari seisen zu, Yoritomo's hunting party assembled on Suso Moor under Mt

Title: Udaish˘ Yoritomo- Susono maki-gari seisen zu (Lord Yoritomoĺs Hunting Party Assembles in the Foothills of Mount Fuji, 右大将頼朝公裾野牧狩勢揃図)

Description: Yoritomoĺs hunting-party assembling on Suso Moor under Mount Fuji in 1193

Publisher: Arita-ya Seiemon (listed as Arita-ya Seijir˘ by Robinson)

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T71

 

I am grateful to Ward Pieters for locating this image.

Kuniyoshi - (T 71) Udaish˘ Yoritomo-k˘ Susono maki-gari seisen zu, Yoritomo's hunting party assembled on Suso Moor under Mt

Another state of the above design, also published by Arita-ya Seiemon, courtesy of Marc DeVriese

Kuniyoshi - (T 71) Udaish˘ Yoritomo-k˘ Susono maki-gari seisen zu, Yoritomo's hunting party assembled on Suso Moor under Mt

One sheet from another state of the above triptych published by Yamashiro-ya Jinbei, whose seal reads ôYamajin hanö (山甚板)

Kuniyoshi - (T 72) Tadatsune about to receive the charge of the monstrous boar, watched by Yoritomo and his followers in 1193 (Alt

Title: Kenkyű yo-nen Minamoto no Yoritomo Fuji maki-gari no zu

Description: Tadatsune about to receive the charge of the monstrous boar, watched by Yoritomo and his followers in 1193

Publisher: Mori-ya Jihei

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T72

 

NOTE: The panels in this triptych are each approximately 20 by 8 inches (50 by 20 centimeters), a size known either as nagaban or as ch˘ban.

Kuniyoshi%20-%20(T%2073)%20Yoritomoko%20Fuji%20no%20on%20kari%20zu%20(Minamoto%20no%20Yoritomo%20hunting%20at%20Mount%20Fuji),%20(purple)

Title: Yoritomo- Fuji no mi-kari no zu (Lord Yoritomoĺs Hunt at Mount Fuji, 頼朝公富士之御狩ノ図)

Description: Yoritomo and his followers watching Tadatsune killing the monstrous wild boar

Publisher: Sano-ya Kihei

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T73

 

I am grateful to Vladislav Ruchkin for this image.

Kuniyoshi - (T 73) Yoritomoko Fuji no on kari zu (Minamoto no Yoritomo hunting at Mount Fuji), (purple)

Another state of the above design courtesy of Marc DeVriese.á Note the red signature cartouches.

Kuniyoshi - (T 74) Kawadzu Sabur˘ Sukeyasu & Marano Gor˘ Kagehisa wrestling , pub

Title: Udaish˘ Yoritomo- sum˘ go-ran no zu (The Great Wrestling Match before Yoritomo and His Son Sanetomo: Chokyo Wrestling with Chikatsune, 右大将頼朝公相撲御覧図)

Description: The great sum˘ wrestling match before Yoritomo and his son Sanetomo: Ch˘ky˘ wrestling with Chikatsune, umpired by Ogata Sabur˘ Masayoshi

Publisher: Fujioka-ya Hikotar˘

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T74

Title: Untitled

Description: Egara Heita Tanenaga, having been swallowed by a giant python, cuts his way out, while Izumi Kojir˘ Chikahira and Wada Kojir˘ Yoshishige control the monster

Publisher: J˘shű-ya Kinz˘

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T75

Title: Taiheiki Tenryűgawa no ukihashi no zu (太平記天龍川之浮橋ノ図)

Description: Nitta Yoshisada and Funada Nyűd˘ together leaping the gap in the broken bridge across the Tenryűgawa in 1335

Publisher: J˘shű-ya Kinz˘ and Ezaki-ya Tatsuz˘

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T76

 

NOTE: J˘shű-ya Kinz˘ĺs seal is on the left sheet, and Ezaki-ya Tatsuz˘ĺs seal is on the right sheet.

 

No image available

 

Title: Miidera kassen: Nitta no Shitenn˘ etc.

Description: A charge led by Wakiya Uemon-no-suke Yoshisuke (the younger brother of Nitta Yoshisada) at the Battle of Miidera

Publisher: S˘shű-ya Yohei

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T77

Kuniyoshi - (T 78) Nitta Yoshisada With his band (Nitta Sa-chujo Yoshisada jurokki no eiyu), Before the Battle of Minatogawa in 1336

Title: Nitta Sachűj˘ Yoshisada jűroku-gi no eiyű no tomo ni etc.

Description: Nitta Yoshisada and his little band of heroes on the shore awaiting the host of Ashikaga Taka-uji, whose ships are seen approaching in the mist prior to the Battle of the Minatogawa in 1336

Publisher: J˘shű-ya Kinz˘

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T78

Kuniyoshi - (T 79) Kusunoki Masataura kyogun mi hatsuko wo mite, standing on a rocky promontory spying on the Ashikaga forces below

Title: Kusunoki Masatsura ky˘gun mi hatsuk˘ wo mite (Kusunoki Masatsura and His Staff on a Cliff Watching Ashikagaĺs Troops, 楠正行京軍之発向を見て諸士を集へて敵を砕の謀軍立の手賦を議し給ふ圖)

Description: Kusunoki Masatsura on a hillock surrounded by his staff watching the massing of the Ashikaga troops under the opposing cliff

Publisher: Sano-ya Kihei

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T79

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for the image.

Kuniyoshi - (T 79) Kusunoki Masataura kyogun mi hatsuko wo mite, standing on a rocky promontory spying on the Ashikaga forces below (Alt

Another state of the above design

Kuniyoshi - (T 80) The night attack of the 47 R˘nin- the fight in Moronao's garden, crossed by a long wooden gallery

Title: Ryaku˘ nen-chű Enya Hangwan keshi shi-jű-shichi ki etc.

Description: The night attack of the Forty-Seven R˘nin: the fight in Moronaoĺs garden, crossed by a long wooden gallery

Publisher: Sano-ya Kihei

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T80

Kuniyoshi - (T 81) The Forty-Seven Ronin, having accomplished their revenge, burning incense before the tomp of their master Yenya Hangwan

Title: Chűshingura shijűshichi-nin: gishi sh˘k˘ no zu (47 Ronin burning incense before the tomb of their master Asano Takumi no Kami, 忠臣蔵四十七人 義士焼香之図) 

Description: The Forty-Seven R˘nin burning incense before the tomb of their master Enya Hangwan after avenging his death

Publisher: Maru-ya Jimpachi

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T81

Kuniyoshi - (T 82) the Hag of the lonely house of Adachi (Hitotsuya) with her victom and the apparition of the goddess Kannon

Title: Kwanzeon no reigen: hitotsuya no furu-koto r˘ba no sekiaku etc.

Description: The Hag of Adachi-ga-hara in the Lonely House (hitotsuya) with her girl-victim and the apparition of the goddess Kwannon

Publisher: Minato-ya Kohei

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T82

A picture containing text, bedclothes, painting

Description automatically generated

I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this alternate state of the above design.

Nagaban, 1839-41, Igagoye revenge, pub

Title: The Igagoe Revenge (伊賀上)

Description:

Publisher: Mori-ya Jihei

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T82a (not listed by Robinson)

 

NOTE: The panels in this triptych are each approximately 20 by 8 inches (50 by 20 centimeters), a size known either as nagaban or as ch˘ban.

Kuniyoshi - Iga Kozuke adauchi no zu, Revenge at Kozuke in Iga), Pub

Title: Iga Kozuke adauchi no zu (伊賀上野仇討ち圖, Revenge at Kozuke in Iga)

Description: Sakuragi Rinzaemon fleeing on horseback (left), his followers chased by Karaki Masaemon (right), while others are engaged by Ishidome Busuke (right); in the background are Ubudai Rekishiro (left) racing to the assistance of Ikezoe Magohachi (centre) who is engaged with Azumaki Kurobei, and Sawai Matagoro with Wada Shizuma

Publisher: Izumi-ya Ichibei

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T82b (not listed by Robinson)

Kuniyoshi - (T 82c) Minamoto no Yoshitsune & his 19 retainers in a ship with Benkei at the prow

Title: Yoshitsune (no) jűku-shin (The Nineteen Retainers of Yoshitsune, 義経十九臣)

Description: Yoshitsune and his nineteen retainers in a ship with Benkei at the prow

Publisher: Izumi-ya Ichibei

Date: c. 1839-1841

Robinson: T82c (not listed by Robinson)

 

NOTE: This triptych is very similar to T32 and to T319.á I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for the image.

Title:

Description: Kusunoki Masashigeĺs (楠木正成) attack on Akasaka-j˘ (下赤坂城, Lower Akasaka Fortress) in 1331

Publisher: Ezaki-ya Kichibei

Date: c. 1840

Robinson: T82d (not listed by Robinson)

 

I am grateful to John Haessle for this image.

 

ôRobinsonö refers to listing in Kuniyoshi: The Warrior-Prints by Basil William Robinson (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 1982) and its privately published supplement.

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