Sum˘ Wrestler Prints

 

Sum˘ (相撲) is a Japanese style of wrestling and Japanĺs national sport.á It originated in ancient times as a performance to entertain the Shinto gods.á Many rituals with religious background are still followed today.á The basic rules of sum˘ are simple: The wrestler who first touches the floor with something else than the soles of his feet or leaves the ring, loses.á The bouts usually last only a few seconds and in rare cases up to one minute or longer.á I am grateful to Yasu Takano for identifying many of the wrestlers.

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Wrestler: ďzora Buzaemon (大武左衛門) pulling up a bamboo tree

Date: 1827

Publisher: Yamaguchiya Tobei

 

NOTE: ďzora Buzaemon had an unusually short sum˘ career.á He appeared only in the 1827 spring season, losing all seven matches, and retired immediately.

Kuniyoshi - (sum˘) Mutsugamine Iwanosuke, 1853

 

Wrestler: Mutsugamine Iwanosuke (六ツヶ峰岩之助)

Date: 4th month of 1853

Publisher: Yamaguchi-ya T˘bei

Kuniyoshi - (sum˘) Inagawa Masanosuke, 1845-6, pub

 

Wrestler: Inagawa Masanosuke (猪名川 政之助)

Date: 1845-1846

Publisher: Maru-ya Seijir˘

Kuniyoshi - (sum˘) sum˘ Wrestler Koyanagi Tsunekichi

 

Wrestler: Koyanagi Tsunekichi (小柳常吉)

Date: c. 1845-1846

Publisher: Maru-ya Seijir˘

Kuniyoshi - (sum˘) wrestler Shiranui Dakuemon

 

Wrestler: Shiranui Dakuemon (不知火諾エ門)

Date: c. 1845-1846

Publisher: Maru-ya Seijir˘

 

 

Kuniyoshi - (sum˘) Nioarashi in professional attire (Marugame Genkai aratame Nioarashi Isogoro)

 

Wrestler: Nioarashi Isogoro (鳰嵐磯五郎) in professional attire (Marugame genkai aratame Nioarashi Isogoro)

Date: 1845

Publisher: Nishimura Yohachi

 

Wrestler:

Date:

Publisher:

Oniwaka Rikinosuke

 

Wrestler: Oniwaka Rikinosuke (鬼若 力之助)

Date: c. 1850-1852

Publisher: Maru-ya Seijir˘

 

NOTE: Oniwaka Rikinosuke was an extremely large child who participated in the ring entering ceremony (dohyo-iri) in the early 1850s.

Daidozan Bungoro, Famous Boy Sumo Wrestler

 

Wrestler: Oniwaka Rikinosuke (鬼若 力之助)

Date: c. 1850-1852

Publisher: Musashi-ya Isabur˘

 

Kuniyoshi - Oniwaka Rikinosuke

 

Wrestler: Oniwaka Rikinosuke (鬼若 力之助) in sum˘ attire

Date: c. 1850-1852

Publisher: Owari-ya Seishichi

 

Kuniyoshi - (sum˘)  w0000019

 

Wrestler: Oniwaka Rikinosuke (鬼若 力之助) in street attire

Date: c. 1850-1852

Publisher: Enami

Kuniyoshi - Oniwaka Rikinosuke with hand print

Wrestler: Oniwaka Rikinosuke (鬼若 力之助) at age eight with his giant hand print

Date: c. 1850-1852

Publisher: Matsu-ya

Kuniyoshi - (diptych, clouds) Nakamura Utaemon IV as wrestler Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ (R) & Ichikawa Hazaemon wrestler Hanaregoma Ch˘kichiin (L) in 'Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ kuruwa nikki', (8)1841

Wrestlers: Actors Ichikawa Hazaemon as the sum˘ wrestler Hanaregoma Ch˘kichiin (放駒の長吉, left) and Nakamura Utaemon IV as the wrestler Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ (濡髪長五郎, right) in the kabuki play Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ kuruwa nikki

Date: 8th month of 1841

Publisher: Edo-ya Matsugor˘

Kuniyoshi - (sum˘) Nioarashi Isogoro in street clothes (Marugame Genkai aratame Nioarashi Isogoro), pub

 

Wrestler: áNioarashi Isogor˘ (?磯五郎) in street attire (Marugame Genkai aratame Nioarashi Isogor˘)

Date: c. 1830

Publisher: Nishimura Yohachi

 

 

Image1

Actors: Actor Ichimura Uzaemon XII as sum˘ wrestler Akitsushima Kuniemon (秋津嶋, left) and actor Arashi Kichisabur˘ III as sum˘ wrestler Onigadake Horaemon (鬼ヶ嶽, right) in the kabuki play Sekitori Nidai no Shobuzuke

Date: 9th month of 1850

Theater: Ichimura

Publisher: Tanba-ya Hanjir˘

Ichikawa Danjuro VIII as wrestler Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ (R) & Arashi Rikan III as wrestler Hanaregoma no Ch˘kichi (L) in 'Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ kuruwa nikki', (2)1852

Actors: Actor Arashi Rikan III as wrestler Hanaregoma no Ch˘kichi (放駒長吉, left) and actor Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII as wrestler Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ (濡髪長五郎, right)

Play: Futatsu ch˘ch˘ kuruwa nikki (双蝶仝曲輪日記, Diary of Two Butterflies in the Pleasure Quarters)

Date: 2nd month of 1852

Theater: Kawarasaki

Publisher: under a single mountain is identified as Hori Takichi of Yushima in Kuniyoshi by B. W. Robinson (Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1961), but as ďta-ya Takichi in Publishers of Japanese Woodblock Prints: A Compendium by Andreas Marks (Hotei Publishing, Leiden, 2011)

Kuniyoshi - (sum˘) Ikezuki Geitazaemon, the big wrestler

 

Title: Ikezuki Geitazaemon (生月 鯨太左ェ門), the big wrestler

Date: c. 1844 (censor Watanabe Sh˘emon)

Publisher: Hon-ya Genpachi

 

Note: Ikezuki Geitazaemon was not a skilled sum˘ wrestler, but was a giant who was brought to Edo about 1844 as a special attraction to conduct a ring entering ceremony (dohyo-iri).á

Kuniyoshi - (sum˘) w0000015

 

Wrestler: Ikezuki Geitazaemon (生月 鯨太左ェ門) in street attire

Date: 1844

Publisher: Sa (phonetic pronunciation of )

Kuniyoshi - Sum˘ wrestler ďzora Buzaemon

 

Wrestler: ďzora Buzaemon (大武左衛門)

Date: 1827

Publisher: Yamaguchi-ya Tobei

 

NOTE: ďzora Buzaemon had an unusually short sum˘ career.á He appeared only in the 1827 spring season, losing all seven matches, and retired immediately.

Kuniyoshi - (sumo) The yearly wrestling meeting (Sumo Nenki), showing Raigen-dayu, probably a veteran wrestler or an umpire, in a dark robe, seated with his hands in his lap (title framed with symbols of longevity)

 

Description: The yearly wrestling meeting (Sumo Nenki), showing Raigen-dayu (?太夫), probably a veteran wrestler or an umpire, in a dark robe, seated with his hands in his lap.á The title cartouche is framed with symbols of longevity.

Date: 2nd month of 1858

Publisher: Yamaguchi-ya Tobei (山口屋藤兵衛)

 

Kuniyoshi - (sum˘ triptych) Two sum˘ wrestlers at grips before the umpires

Wrestlers: Kot˘zan Bunemon (湖東山文右エ門, left) and Iwamigata J˘emon (岩見潟丈右エ門, right)

Judge: Musashigawa (武蔵川)

Date: 1842 winter season or the 1843 spring season

Publisher: Fujioka-ya Hikotar˘

Kuniyoshi - (sum˘ triptych) match between Shiranui-emon and Kagiyama Taniemon, pub

Wrestlers: Shiranui-emon (不知火右衛門, left) and Kagiyama Taniemon (劔山谷右衛門, right)

Judge: Shikimori Inosuke (式守伊之助, left) and Miyagino (宮城野, right)

Date: c. 1843

Publisher: Fujioka-ya Hikotar˘

Kuniyoshi - (sum˘ triptych),

Title: Wresters entering the Fund-raising Sumo Matches (Kanjin ozumo dohyoiri no zu, 勧進大相撲土俵入之図)

Subject: The ring-entering ceremony from the 1850 spring season held on the Honjo Ek˘in Temple grounds

Wrestlers: The wrestlers on the right are on the higashi (east side).á From the right, in descending order in ranking: Tsurugizan (˘zeki), Koyanagi (sekiwake), Goy˘boku (komusubi), I˘zan, Arakuma, Tomozuna, Kumagatake, Kumosayama, Musashino, Masuizan (stepping into the ring), Kumoudake (already standing in the ring).á Exiting to the left are the wrestlers on the nishi (west side), also in a descending order in ranking from the right: Kagamiiwa (sekiwake, still in the ring), Arauma (komusubi, stepping out of the ring), Tsuneyama, Inagawa, Itsukushima, Kaigatake, Kuroiwa, Kimigatake, Ichiriki, Amatsukaze.á The ˘zeki of the west side, Hidenoyama, is the large figure already off the ring, appearing behind the exiting wrestlers.

Date: 1850

Publisher: Tsujioka-ya Bunsuke

Kuniyoshi - (sum˘ triptych)

A later edition of the same triptych with different wrestlersĺ names and generally harsher colors.á This triptych represents the 1865 winter season, also held at Honjo Ek˘in.á The names on the right are for the east side and those on the left for the west side.á On the east side, they are from the right in a descending order in ranking: Kimenzan (˘zeki), Jinmaku (sekiwake), Chitosegawa (komusubi), Kajigahama, Arauma, Shiramayumi, Terugatake, Yanasedake, Minatogawa, Tsurugataki.á On the west side are, from the right to left also in a descending order in ranking: Shiranui (˘zeki), Onogawa (sekiwake), Washigahama (komusubi), Shushakayama, Chiganoura, Azumazeki, Ayanami, Musashigawa, Ry˘goku, Koshinoumi.

Kuniyoshi - (sumo) Ceremonial entry of wrestlers at the great wrestling match to raise funds for pious causes; umpire seated in the centre is Kimura Shonosuke

Title: 勧進大相撲興行之全図

Subject: Ceremonial entry of wrestlers at the great wrestling match to raise funds for pious causes

Wrestlers: The umpire seated in the centre is Kimura Shonosuke

Date: 1847-1853

Publisher:

Kuniyoshi - (sum˘ triptych),Triptych Of Sumo Wrestlers

Another state of the above design

Kuniyoshi%20-%20(T353)%20Great%20Sum˘%20Match%20at%20Mount%20Akazawa%20%5bbetween%20Kawadzu%20Sabur˘%20Sukechika%20&%20Matano%20Gor˘%20Kagetoki%5d%20(Akazawayama%20˘-sum˘),%201858

Title: Akazawa-yama ˘-sum˘ (赤沢山 大相撲)

Description: Matano Gor˘ Kagehisa (股野五郎景久) thrown by Kawazu Sabur˘ Sukechika (河津三郎祐親) in their sum˘ wrestling match before Yoritomo umpired by Ebina Genpachi Hirotsuna (河津三郎祐安)

Publisher: Maru-ya Kyűshir˘

Date: 4th month of 1858

Robinson: T353

 

NOTE: This bout took place on Akazawayama Mountain in 1176.á

áôRobinsonö refers to listing in Kuniyoshi: The Warrior-Prints by Basil William Robinson (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 1982) and its privately published supplement.

 

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