Memorial prints (Shini-e)

Part I

 

Memorial prints, also called ôdeath printsö and ôshini-eö commemorated the death of actors, artists and musicians, but the vast majority commemorated kabuki actors.á They typically portray the recently deceased actor in light blue robes (shini s˘zoku), and often include such information as the date of death, age, posthumous Buddhist name (kaimy˘), and place of burial.á The largest production of memorial prints followed the suicide of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII on August 8, 1854.á Many memorial prints are unsigned, and were produced by artists of very modest talent in response to a large demand from the deceased actorĺs fans.á Some shini-e were newly created, and some were reprinted from existing woodblocks, usually altered.á I am grateful to Robert Pryor for assisting with this section.

 

 

Actor: Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III

Date: 1831

Publisher: Matsumura Tatsuemon

Text: 天保二年辛卯極月廾七日 行年五十七歳

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

 

Actor: Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (坂東三津五郎)

Date: 1831

Text: 行年五十七才 天保二卯年十二月廾七日 実誉秀佳信士 芝増上寺地中常照院

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichiemon

 

Actors: Memorial portraits of actors Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川 菊之丞, left) and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (坂東 三津五郎, right)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Ch˘z˘

Text on left panel: 本所押上大恩寺 瀬川菊之丞 天保三年壬辰正月六日 行年三十一才 勇誉才阿哲芸信士

Text on right panel: 芝月界院 坂東三津五郎 天保二年辛卯極月廾七日 行年五十七才 実誉秀佳信士

Actors: Memorial portraits of actors Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川 菊之丞, left) and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (坂東 三津五郎, right)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichiyemon

Text on right panel: 天保二年辛卯極月廾七日 行年五十七歳

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Actors: Memorial portraits of actors Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川 菊之丞, left) and Iwai Hanshir˘ VI (岩井 半四郎, right)

Date: 1836

Publisher: Izumi-ya Ichibei

Text on left panel: 本所押上大雲寺 勇誉才阿哲芸信士 去ル天保三年正月七日 俗名 瀬川菊之丞

Text on right panel: 深川浄心寺 六代目岩井半四郎 行年三拾八才 天保七年乙申四月八日 深窓院梅我日鮮信士

Sheets from other states of the above design

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Ch˘z˘

 

Two states of this shihi-e of Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞) with different texts

Date: 1832

Publisher: Yamaguchi-ya Tobei

Text on left panel: 天保三辰年正月六日 勇誉才阿哲芸信士 本所押上大雲寺 五代目瀬川菊之丞 行年三十一才

Text on right panel: 五代目瀬川菊之丞 行年三十二才 天保三年壬辰正月六日

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Ch˘z˘

Text: 五代目瀬川菊之丞 行年三十二才 天保三辰年正月六日

 

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞)

Date: 1832

Text: 天保三年壬辰正月六日 行年三十一才 五代目 瀬川菊之丞 勇誉才阿哲芸信士 本所押上泰雲寺

Publisher: Shimizu-ya

 

 

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Oden

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V sitting with incense

Date: 1832

Publisher: Izumi-ya Ichibei

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞) with prayer beads and butterflies

Date: 1832

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichiyemon

Text: 天保三年壬辰正月六日 五代目三十一才 瀬川菊之丞

Two different states of a shini-e of Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞) seated with incense

Date: 1832

Publisher: J˘shű-ya Kinz˘

Text: 瀬川菊之丞 天保三年壬辰正月六日 行年三十一歳 勇誉才阿哲芸信士 押上大雲寺

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞, left) and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (坂東三津五郎, right)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Ch˘z˘

Text in left panel: 五代目瀬川菊之丞 行年三十一才 天保三年辰正月七日 勇誉才阿哲芸信士 本所押上大雲寺

Text in right panel: 坂東三津五郎 行年五十七才 天保二年卯十二月廾七日 実誉秀佳信士 芝増上寺地中常照院

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Matsumura Tatsuemon

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞)

Date: 1832

Text: 天保三壬辰正月六日 瀬川菊之丞 行年三十一才

Publisher: Daikoku-ya

 

 

 

Actor: Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (坂東三津五郎, top) and Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞, bottom)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Yamaguchi-ya Tobei

Text: 天保二年極月廾七日 芝増上寺寺内常照院 行年五十七才 坂東三津五郎 同三年壬辰正月七日本所押上大雲寺 行年三十一才 瀬川菊之丞 勇誉才阿哲芸信士

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞, left) and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (坂東三津五郎, right)

Date: 1st month of 1832

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Ch˘z˘

Text: 年五十七才 坂東三津五郎 実誉秀佳信士 天保二卯十二月廾七日 五代目三十一才 瀬川菊之丞 勇誉才阿哲芸信士 天保三年辰正月七日

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞), Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (坂東三津五郎) and Sawamura Tanosuke II (沢村田之助)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Ezaki-ya Tatsuz˘

Text: 天保二卯極月廾七日 坂東三津五郎 実誉秀佳信士 瀬川菊之丞 勇誉才阿哲芸信士 天保三壬正月七日 古人沢村田之助

Actor: Diptych showing Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞, left) and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (坂東三津五郎, right)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Ezaki-ya Tatsuz˘

Text on left panel: 五代目瀬川菊之丞 行年三十一才 天保三辰ノ年正月六日 勇誉才阿哲芸信士 本所押上大雲寺

Text on right panel: 坂東三津五郎 行年五十七才 天保二卯年十二月廾七日 実誉秀佳信士á

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Actor: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII

Date: 1854

Publisher: No seal

 

NOTE: This print shows women mourning the suicide of actor Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII.á The composition of this print is normally used to portray the death of the Buddha.á Animals are frequently included among the Buddhaĺs mourners, and in this unsigned print, the single crying cat serves as Kuniyoshiĺs signature.á

 

Title: Ken of the Three Buddhas (Sanbutsu ken)

Actors: Onoe Matsunosuke (standing left), Ichimura Uzaemon XII (sitting) and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VI (right)

Date: 10th month of 1851

Publisher: No seal

 

 

Title: Ken of the Three Buddhas (Sanbutsu ken, 三仏けん)

Actors: Nakamura Utaemon IV as Uraume no Kasuke (right), Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII as Hachidaimenosuke (standing left), and Ichimura Takenoj˘ V as Uzumasa no Kippei (standing)

Date: 1849 (censors Hama and Magome)

Publisher: No seal

Text: 三仏けん, 裏梅の歌升, 八代目之助, うづまきの橘平, 裏梅の歌升[4]中村 歌右衛門 八代目之助[8]市川 団十郎 うづまきの橘平[5]市村 竹之丞

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

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