Memorial prints (Shini-e)

Part I

 

Memorial prints, also called ôdeath printsö and ôshini-eö commemorated the death of actors, artists and musicians, but the vast majority commemorated kabuki actors.á They typically portray the recently deceased actor in light blue robes (shini s˘zoku), and often include such information as the date of death, age, posthumous Buddhist name (kaimy˘), and place of burial.á The largest production of memorial prints followed the suicide of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII on August 8, 1854.á Many memorial prints are unsigned, and were produced by artists of very modest talent in response to a large demand from the deceased actorĺs fans.á Some shini-e were newly created, and some were reprinted from existing woodblocks, usually altered.á I am grateful to Robert Pryor for assisting with this section.

 

 

Actor: 57-year-old Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III

Date: 1831

Publisher: Matsumura Tatsuemon

Text: 天保二年辛卯極月廾七日 行年五十七歳

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

 

Actor: 57-year-old Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (坂東三津五郎)

Date: 1831

Text: 行年五十七才 天保二卯年十二月廾七日 実誉秀佳信士 芝増上寺地中常照院

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichiemon

 

Actors: Memorial portraits of actors Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川 菊之丞, left) and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (坂東 三津五郎, right)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Ch˘z˘

Text on left panel: 本所押上大恩寺 瀬川菊之丞 天保三年壬辰正月六日 行年三十一才 勇誉才阿哲芸信士

Text on right panel: 芝月界院 坂東三津五郎 天保二年辛卯極月廾七日 行年五十七才 実誉秀佳信士

Actors: Memorial portraits of actors Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川 菊之丞, left) and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (坂東 三津五郎, right)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichiyemon

Text on right panel: 天保二年辛卯極月廾七日 行年五十七歳

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Actors: Memorial portraits of actors Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川 菊之丞, left) and Iwai Hanshir˘ VI (岩井 半四郎, right)

Date: 1836

Publisher: Izumi-ya Ichibei

Text on left panel: 本所押上大雲寺 勇誉才阿哲芸信士 去ル天保三年正月七日 俗名 瀬川菊之丞

Text on right panel: 深川浄心寺 六代目岩井半四郎 行年三拾八才 天保七年乙申四月八日 深窓院梅我日鮮信士

Sheets from other states of the above design

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Ch˘z˘

 

Two states of this shihi-e of Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞) with different texts

Date: 1832

Publisher: Yamaguchi-ya Tobei

Text on left panel: 天保三辰年正月六日 勇誉才阿哲芸信士 本所押上大雲寺 五代目瀬川菊之丞 行年三十一才

Text on right panel: 五代目瀬川菊之丞 行年三十二才 天保三年壬辰正月六日

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Ch˘z˘

Text: 五代目瀬川菊之丞 行年三十二才 天保三辰年正月六日

 

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞)

Date: 1832

Text: 天保三年壬辰正月六日 行年三十一才 五代目 瀬川菊之丞 勇誉才阿哲芸信士 本所押上泰雲寺

Publisher: Shimizu-ya

 

 

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Oden

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V sitting with incense

Date: 1832

Publisher: Izumi-ya Ichibei

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞) with prayer beads and butterflies

Date: 1832

Publisher: Kaga-ya Kichiyemon

Text: 天保三年壬辰正月六日 五代目三十一才 瀬川菊之丞

Two different states of a shini-e of Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞) seated with incense

Date: 1832

Publisher: J˘shű-ya Kinz˘

Text: 瀬川菊之丞 天保三年壬辰正月六日 行年三十一歳 勇誉才阿哲芸信士 押上大雲寺

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞, left) and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (坂東三津五郎, right)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Ch˘z˘

Text in left panel: 五代目瀬川菊之丞 行年三十一才 天保三年辰正月七日 勇誉才阿哲芸信士 本所押上大雲寺

Text in right panel: 坂東三津五郎 行年五十七才 天保二年卯十二月廾七日 実誉秀佳信士 芝増上寺地中常照院

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Matsumura Tatsuemon

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞)

Date: 1832

Text: 天保三壬辰正月六日 瀬川菊之丞 行年三十一才

Publisher: Daikoku-ya

 

 

 

Actor: Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (坂東三津五郎, top) and Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞, bottom)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Yamaguchi-ya Tobei

Text: 天保二年極月廾七日 芝増上寺寺内常照院 行年五十七才 坂東三津五郎 同三年壬辰正月七日本所押上大雲寺 行年三十一才 瀬川菊之丞 勇誉才阿哲芸信士

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞, left) and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (坂東三津五郎, right)

Date: 1st month of 1832

Publisher: Kawaguchi-ya Ch˘z˘

Text: 年五十七才 坂東三津五郎 実誉秀佳信士 天保二卯十二月廾七日 五代目三十一才 瀬川菊之丞 勇誉才阿哲芸信士 天保三年辰正月七日

 

Actor: Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞), Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (坂東三津五郎) and Sawamura Tanosuke II (沢村田之助)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Ezaki-ya Tatsuz˘

Text: 天保二卯極月廾七日 坂東三津五郎 実誉秀佳信士 瀬川菊之丞 勇誉才阿哲芸信士 天保三壬正月七日 古人沢村田之助

Actor: Diptych showing Segawa Kikunoj˘ V (瀬川菊之丞, left) and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (坂東三津五郎, right)

Date: 1832

Publisher: Ezaki-ya Tatsuz˘

Text on left panel: 五代目瀬川菊之丞 行年三十一才 天保三辰ノ年正月六日 勇誉才阿哲芸信士 本所押上大雲寺

Text on right panel: 坂東三津五郎 行年五十七才 天保二卯年十二月廾七日 実誉秀佳信士á

 

I am grateful to Marc DeVriese for this image.

Memorial portraits of actors and playwrights who died from the mid-1820ĺs to 1832, including in the center the recently deceased Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III.á It resembles a program for a season opening (kaomise banzuke).á The print was publisher by Yamaguchi of Bakuro-ch˘ and is signed eshi Ichiyűsai Kuniyoshi hitsu (絵師一勇斎国芳筆).á I am grateful to Robert Pryor for this image.

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